Volume 3, Issue 1, January 2001

ISSN 1096-4886 http://www.westerncriminology.org/Western_Criminology_Review.htm
© 2001, The Western Criminology Review. All Rights Reserved.






"Diversity and Justice"

February 24th - 26th, 2000

Kona, Hawaii


This program is dedicated to the memory of Wayne Matsuo (1943 - 1999),
Fellow, Western Society of Criminology

"Wayne Matsuo was a tireless worker for social justice in Hawaii. There was not a part of the youth service or corrections system that he hadn't worked in and yet his gaze was anything but parochial. Tom Murton, one of Wayne's great fans, once said that "real change is brought about by those who have both the vision and the power to effect it&endash;hence, the most effective reformer is the person within the power structure. " Wayne's life was clear testimony to the truth of this observation. When he was finally given an opportunity to lead the Hawaii Office of Youth Services, he brought all his experiences together. He vowed, against all odds, to downsize the institution in which he once worked. He knew full well the unavoidable problems of prisons, and he was determined to build a new system of community-based services for kids with a clear emphasis on prevention and early intervention. Wayne's vision that informed OYS placed Hawaii at the forefront of youth services nationally. It now falls to us to continue his important legacy; I only hope we are up to it."

Meda Chesney-Lind, Ph.D.

Women's Studies Program, University of Hawaii at Manoa

"Wayne Matsuo was a truly great man whose progressive approach to human services set an example for the entire country. I had the privilege of serving as a consultant to the Hawaii Office of Youth Services while Wayne was its director and having Wayne as a guest lecturer in my sociology classes when I was a visiting professor at UH-Manoa in 1995. The people of Hawaii should be aware of the many significant contributions Wayne made and the esteem with which Wayne was regarded throughout the nation. His principle-centered leadership was exemplary. His vision was one in which there can be no criminal "justice" without social justice. He provided critical leadership in helping Hawaii resist the prison-building mania that has swept much of the mainland, devouring huge sums of public money that might have been spent instead for progressive initiatives that would have helped reduce the need to lock up and "write off" so many of our fellow citizens who so badly need education, job training, a chance in life&endash;and hope. All of us are diminished by the loss of Wayne Matsuo, but we must honor his memory by resolving even more firmly to resist the seductive and simplistic over-reliance on prison development and to invest instead in human development and in social and economic justice for all our citizens. Wayne's life was a monument to that cause."

C. Ronald Huff, Ph.D.

Dean, School of Social Ecology, University of California, Irvine

"With Wayne's death, I lost a mentor, a teacher and a friend all at the same time. He constantly encouraged me to engage in political action toward achieving those things I believed in &endash; and to be able to defend my position with anyone. His love for young people and his compassion for those who suffered from injustice left a legacy to all of us who knew him. He was a man who brushed shoulders with the powerful and tried to empower the powerless. He was more than a teacher, he was and will always be my friend."


Arlie Tagayuna

Graduate Teaching Assistant, Sociology Department, University of Hawaii


Special thanks are extended to the University of Hawaii at Manoa who provided funding for the printing of this program and other conference material.







Kamehameha Ballroom - Mauka Side




Mauna Kea


Mauna Loa


Kamehameha Ballroom - Makai Side


Friday, February 25th


7:30 - 9:00 a.m.


(1.1) Women & Girls in the Justice System I


(1.2) Evaluation Issues


(1.3) Law & the Courts




9:15 - 10:45 a.m.


(2.1) Women & Girls in the Justice System II


(2.2) White-Collar & Corporate Crime


(2.3) Gangs, Drugs, & Violence


(2.4) Innovative Collaborations to Reduce Juvenile Delinquency


(2.5) Police Researchers on Police Training


12:45 - 2:15 p.m.


(3.1) Blueprint Programs


(3.2) Community-Based Sanctions


(3.3) Surviving Graduate School


(3.4) Delinquency Prevention Programs


(3.5) Justice for Diverse Populations


Saturday, February 26th


7:30 - 9:00 a.m.


(4.1) Restorative Justice


(4.2) Theoretical Criminology: Perspectives on Violent Crime


(4.3) Corrections




9:15 - 10:45 a.m.


(5.1) Juvenile Justice


(5.2) Crime Mapping & Analysis


(5.3) Crime & Punishment in Hawaii


(5.4)Domestic Violence: Research Issues



11:00 - 12:15 p.m.


(6.1) Community Policing


(6.2) Substance Abuse


(6.3) Criminal Justice in Diverse Locations


(6.4) Domestic Violence: Assessment & Intervention Issues


Thursday, February 24th


10:00 a.m. - 12:00 p.m. WSC Board Meeting
Mauna Kea


2:00 p.m. - 5:00 p.m. Registration Briefing Room


 5:00 p.m. - 5:15 p.m. Welcome

Martha-Elin Blomquist
WSC President
Kamehameha Ballroom


5:15 p.m. - 6:30 p.m. Plenary Session
Kamehameha Ballroom

Mervlyn K. Katashima,
Hawaii Dept. of Education


6:30 p.m. - 8:30 p.m. President’s Reception
Mauna Kea Gardens

Friday, February 25th 

7:00 a.m. - 2:15 p.m. Registration Briefing Room Foyer

7:00 a.m. - 2:15 p.m. Book Exhibit Briefing Room

7:00 a.m. Continental Breakfast
Mauna Kea Gardens

Sponsored by: Southern Oregon University 

7:30 a.m. - 9:00 a.m. Concurrent Breakout Sessions 1.1 to 1.3


Session 1.1: Kamehameha Ballroom (Mauka Side)


Women & Girls in the Justice System (Part 1)

Panel Chair: Barbara Bloom, San Jose State University

"Women’s Prisons: Unmet Needs and Program Recommendations" - Barbara Owen, California State University, Fresno & Barbara Bloom, San Jose State University

"Women’s Psychological Development: A Theoretical Approach to Gender-Responsive Services" - Stephanie Covington, Institute for Relational Development

"Trials and Errors: Imprisoned Battered Women’s Experiences of Adjudication" - Elizabeth Dermody Leonard, Vanguard University

"SISTERS: Empowering Women Offenders to Reach for Success" - Jodie Maesaka-Hirata, Hawaii Department of Public Safety



Session 1.2: Kohala

Evaluation Issues

Panel Chair: Bruce Berg, California State University Long Beach 

"Evaluation Issues in Criminological Research: the Consequences of Doing Gender" - Holly Nicole Mead & Valerie J. Callanan, University of California Riverside

"Systems Analysis and the Evaluation of Sentencing Reform Impacts" - Kathleen Auerhahn, University of California Riverside

"Cross-Site Evaluations: The 8% Evaluation Project in San Diego County" - Cynthia Burke Rienick, Darlanne Hoctor Mulmat, & Susan Pennell, San Diego Association of Governments

"Risk Factors Associated with Recidivism Among Serious-Violent Young Offenders" - Raymond R. Corrado & Irwin M. Cohen, Simon Fraser University



Session 1.3: Mauna Kea

Law & the Courts

Panel Chair: Pat Jackson, Sonoma State University

"The Effects of Legal Representation on the Criminal Justice System in Pennsylvania" - Abdul-Quadri Akintunde Adeseun, Pennsylvania State University

"Precisely Who Has Rights Under the Fouhrt Amendment? The Supreme Court’s Restriction of the Right to Contest Government Invasions of Privacy" - George M. Dery III, California State University Fullerton

"Get Tough Legislation: Its Impact on Law and Justice at the County Level" - Nancy Merritt, RAND

"The Relationship Between Eyewitness Identification, Confidence, and Accuracy" - Mara Libuser, University of California, San Diego 

9:15 a.m. - 10:45 a.m. Concurrent Breakout Sessions 2.1 to 2.5



Session 2.1:Kamehameha Ballroom (Mauka Side)

Women & Girls in the Justice System (Part 2)

Panel Chair: Barbara Bloom, San Jose State University 

"A Postmodern Feminist Critique of the Post-Release Programs Available to Women in British Columbia, Canada" - Aili Malm, Simon Fraser University

"Facilitating Change: Women in Transition from Prison to the Community" - Lorraine Robinson, T.J. Mahoney & Associates

"Female Youth in Custody: Social Control Revisted" - Candace Odgers & Raymond Corrado, Simon Fraser University

 "Not Worse, Just Different" - Meda Chesney-Lind & Konia Freitas, University of Hawaii at Manoa



Session 2.2: Kohala

White-Collar and Corporate Crime

Panel Chair: Henry Pontell, University of California Irvine

"International Financial Fraud: Trends & Emerging Issues" - Henry Pontell, University of California, Irvine

"White-Collar Crime & Student Financial Aid Programs" - Otto Reyer, Western University of Health Sciences

"The ‘Other’ Software Piracy: Who Carez About Warez?" - Stephen Rosoff, University of Houston, Clearlake


Session 2.3: Mauna Kea

Gangs, Drugs, and Violence

Panel Chair: Finn-Aage Esbensen, University of Nebraska at Omaha

"The Gang/Drug/Homicide Nexus Revisited in the 1990s" - Cheryl Maxson, University of Southern California

"Correlates of Drug Use, Drug Sales, and Violent Offending Among a Sample of Gang and Non-Gang Youth" - Dana Peterson Lynskey, Adrienne Freng, Finn-Aage Esbensen, & Terrancy J. Taylor, University of Nebraska at Omaha

"Typological Diversity Among Gang Members: Drug Use, Drug Sales, and Social-Psychological Characteristics" - David Huizinga, University of Colorado
"The Relationship Between Drug Use and Violence Among Gang Girls" - Jody Miller, University of Missouri at St. Louis


Session 2.4: Mauna Loa


Innovative Collaborations to Address Juvenile Delinquency

Panel Chair: Barbara Mendenhall, California State University Sacramento

"Issues in the Implementation of Program & Evaluation Design in a Collaborative Environment: Lessons from the Juvenile Probation-Education SB 1095 Project" - Barbara Mendenhall & Troy Armstrong, California State University, Sacramento 

"Assessing High Risk Youth’s Psychological Functioning Areas: The Case of the SB 1095 Students" - Bohsui Wu, California State University, Sacramento

"Teaching Conflict Resolution Skills and the Reduction of Violence & Conflict in Schools" - Francine Williams & Chris Boyd, San Diego Unified School District

"Child Welfare & Law Enforcement: A New Partnership" - Susan Kinnevy, Burton Cohen, & Richard Gelles, University of Pennsylvania

Discussant: Troy Armstrong, California State University, Sacramento 


Session 2.5: Kamehameha Ballroom (Makai Side)

Police Researchers on Police Training: A Cross-Cultural Dialogue

Panel Chair: Vladimir A. Sergevin, University of Illinois at Champaign-Urbana

"Recent Developments in Crime, Criminal Justice, & Police Training In Russia" - Vladimir A. Sergevnin, University of Illinois at Champaign-Urbana

"Paint Ball as Experimental Police Training for Law Enforcement Officers" - Diana Zadorskaya, University of Illinois at Champaign-Urbana

"Acquisition of Marksmanship & Gun Handling Skills Through Police Academy Training" - Michael T. Charles & Anne G. Copay, University of Illinois at Champaign-Urbana

11:00 a.m. - 12:30 p.m. Awards Brunch Nalo Terrace

Paul Tappan Award Delbert Elliott

Joseph D. Lohman Award Barbara Bloom & Patrick Jackson

June Morrison-Tom Gitchoff

Award Sandy Menefee

W.E.B. Dubois Marjorie Zatz

President’s Award Shelly Messinger

WSC Fellows Herman Goldstein, Douglas M. Anglin, John Hubner, & Jill Wolfson

June Morrison Student

Paper Competition Carrie Blades & Barbara Mendenhall

12:45 p.m. - 2:15 p.m. Concurrent Breakout Sessions 3.1 - 3.5


Session 3.1: Kamehameha Ballroom (Mauka Side)

Blueprint Programs

Panel Chair: Sharon Mihalic, University of Colorado

Introduction to Blueprints for Violence Prevention" - Delbert Elliott, University of Colorado

"Big Brothers Big Sisters of America" - Jerry Lapham, Big Brothers Big Sisters of America

"Functional Family Therapy" - James Alexander, University of Utah

"Cost-Benefits of Prevention Programs" - Steve Aos, Washington State Institute for Public Policy

Session 3.2: Kohala

Community-Based Sanctions

Panel Chair: Martha-Elin Blomquist, Southern Oregon University

"The Role of Social Control in Probationer Compliance with the Law: Community Dis-/organization as a Source for Understanding" - Joe Allen, University of Hawaii at Manoa

"Putting ‘Community’ in Community-Based Corrections" - Martha-Elin Blomquist, Southern Oregon University

"Urban Youth in a Comparative Context" - James Diego Vigil, University of California Los Angeles


Session 3.3: Mauna Kea

Surviving Graduate School

Panel Chair: Miki Vohryzedk-Bolden, California State University, Sacramento

"The Influence of Race & Gender on One’s Graduate School Experience" - Clarice Bailey, Portland State University

"Charting A Course Through Graduate School" - D. Kim Rossmo, Vancouver Police Department


Session 3.4: Mauna Loa

 Delinquency Prevention Programs

Panel Chair: Jim Embree, Consultant, National Council on Crime & Delinquency

"The Comprehensive Strategy" - Jim Embree, Consultant, National Council on Crime & Delinquency

"Gang Enforcement in Detroit: An Evaluation of the Anti-Gang Initative" - Tim Bynum, & Sean Varano, Michigan State University

"The Police Response to Gangs: The View of International & External Stake Holders" - Vincent J. Webb, Charles Katz, & Robin Haarr, Arizona State University Wes 

"The Hollenbeck Gun Project" - Peter Greenwood, RAND

Session 3.5:Kamehameha Ballroom ( Makai Side)


Justice for Diverse Populations

Panel Chair: Julia Sudbury, Mills College


"The Black Child-Saving Movement: Preliminary Findings from a Revisionist Social History" - Geoffrey K. Ward, University of Michigan

"Race, Gender, & Resistance Inside the Global Prison" - Julia Sudbury, Mills College

"Identity and Multiple Marginalization of Navajo Gang Members" - Barbara Mendenhall, California State University, Sacramento


3:00 p.m. - 5:30 p.m. Cultural Program on Hawaiian History & Law

8:00 p.m. Student Party


Saturday, February 26th


7:00 a.m. - 12:30 p.m. Registration Briefing Room Foyer

7:00 a.m. - 12:30 p.m. Book Exhibit Briefing Room

7:00 a.m. Continental Breakfast Mauna Kea Gardens 

7:30 a.m.- 9:00 a.m. Concurrent Breakout Sessions 4.1 to 4.3


Session 4.1:Kamehameha Ballroom (Mauka Side)

Restorative Justice

Panel Chair: Charles Tracy, Portland State University


"Shaming Theory, Reintegrative Shaming, & Restorative Justice" - George D. Muedeking, California State University Stanislaus

"Forgiveness, Restorative Justice, & Crime" - Richard D. Clark, John Carroll University

"Arbitration & the Grievance Process: Exploring New Paradigms in Restorative Justice - Robert W. Taylor, University of North Texas

"Problematizing Restorative Justice" - Giselle Rosario, Oxford University


Session 4.2: Kohala


Theoretical Criminology: Various Perspectives on Crime

Panel Chair: Neil Boyd, Simon Fraser University

"Against the Sexual Assault of Animals" - Piers Beirne, University of Southern Main

"A Theoretical Model of Transgenerational Violence & Implications for Interventions" - Mariah Fillers, California State University Long Beach

"The Violent Sex: Why Rapists & Murderers are Almost Always Male" - Neil Boyd, Simon Fraser University

"Stalking Victims" - Lora Zulijani, University of Ontario

 "Trap Theory & Its Applications: Solutions to Eliminate Corruption & Other Cooperative Crimes" - Jin Wang, Emory University

Session 4.3: Mauna Kea


Panel Chair: Carrie B. Oser, University of Georgia

"Self-Identity: A Comparison of Male & Female Prison Inmates" - Carrie B. Oser, University of Georgia

"Probation/Parole Arming Issues: A 20-Year Review" - Lesley Blacher, Los Angeles County Probation Department

"Outcomes for Inmates: Redirecting the Privatized Prison Profit Motive" -Doug White, University of Hawaii at Manoa

"Assessing the Attitudes of Adult Probation Officers Towards Community-Based Corrections" - Michael Bradford, University of Hawaii at Manoa

9:15 a.m.- 10:45 a.m. Concurrent Breakout Sessions 5.1 to 5.4


Session 5.1: Kamehameha Ballroom (Mauka Side)

Juvenile Justice

Panel Chair: Angel Ilarraza, Texas Christian University

"Juvenile Justice: Perspectives on Diversity in the New Milennium" - Alida V. Merlo, Indiana University of Pennsylvania, & Peter J. Benekos, Mercyhurst College

"Privatization Across the Spectrum: Is Juvenile Justice a Growth Industry?" - Deborah Plechner & Justin Galt, University of California Riverside

"Diversity in Design: Kailana’s Experimental Model" - Mathew Claybaugh, Miramed Foundation

"The Relationship Between School Discipline & Adolescent Behaviors" - Jill Heiser & Hannah K. Knudsen, University of Georgia

Session 5.2: Kohala

Crime Mapping & Analysis

Panel Chair: D. Kim Rossmo, Vancouver Police Department

"Mapping Criminal Opportunity Patches" - P. Jeffrey Brantingham, University of Arizona, Paul J. Brantingham, Simon Fraser University, & Patricia L. Brantingham, Simon Fraser University

"Crime in Time -- 3D" --Terry Whin-Yates, Simon Fraser University

"A Wrongful Murder Conviction: The Relevance of Geographic Profiling" - Neil Boyd, Simon Fraser University, & D. Kim Rossmo, Vancouver Police Department

"Understanding Clustering of Homicide Cases Within a General Violent Crime Population: Substantive & Methodological Considerations" - Katrina Baum & Guy Enosh, University of Pennsylvania

"Pool Halls and Crime: A Spatial Analysis of Calls for Police Service in Vancouver, British Columbia" - Patricia Brantingham, Bryan Kinney, & Chris Giles, Simon Fraser University

Session 5.3: Mauna Kea

Crime & Punishment in Hawaii

Panel Chair: Lisa Pasko, University of Hawaii at Manoa

"Technical Violations of Parole & Prison Crowding in Hawaii" - Janet Davidson-Coronado, University of Hawaii at Manoa

"Preliminary Analysis of Homicide in Hawaii, 1990-1997" - Eduardo Duarte, University of Hawaii at Manoa

"Whose Line is it, Anyway? Cultural Contradictions of Filipino Migrants in Hawaii’s Courts" - Arlie Tagayuna, University of Hawaii at Manoa

"Substance Abuse in Hawaii (1998)" - Andrew Ovenden, John Gartrell, & D. William Wood, University of Hawaii at Manoa

"Aina Under the Influence: The Criminalization of Alcohol in Nineteenth-Century Hawai’i" - Marilyn Brown, University of Hawaii at Manoa

Session 5.4: Mauna Loa

 Domestic Violence: Research Issues

Panel Chair: Lynn Newhart, Rockford College

 "Risk, Fear, Harm: Immigrant Women’s Perception of the Policing Solution to Woman Abuse" - Sandra Wacholz, University of Southern Maine

 "Domestic Violence Recidivism" - Carrie Blades, California State University Sacramento

"Til Death Us Do Part: Partner Homicide Among Whites, Blacks, and Latinos in Chicago, 1965-1995" - Lynn Newhart, Rockford College, & Marie Roman, DePaul University

"Sticks & Stones: Can Break My Bones, Can Feminism Protect Me? A Feminist Critique of the Feminist Critique of the Conflict Tactics Scale" Feminism Protect Me" - Alan D. Brown & Katherine E. Latta, University of California Riverside

11:00 a.m. 12:15 p.m. Concurrent Breakout Sessions 6.1 to 6.4


Session 6.1: Kamehameha Ballroom (Mauka Side)


Community Policing

Panel Chair: Terrence J. Taylor, University of Nebraska at Omaha 

"Community Policing, the COPPS Paradigm, and the Challenges to Civil Liberties" - Ronald Boostrom & Natalie Pearl, San Diego State University

"Whatever Happened to Higher Education in Policing? A Re-Examination of College Requirements for Police Selection" - Roy Roberg, San Jose State University

"COMPSTAT: Pathways from an Inquisition to a Partnership" - Katrina Baum, University of Pennsylvania

"A Multi-Site Three-Wave Panel Study of Adolescent Attitudes Towards the Police" - Terrence J. Taylor, University of Nebraska at Omaha, L. Thomas Winfree, Jr., New Mexico State University, & Finn-Aage Esbensen, University of Nebraska at Omaha


Session 6.2: Kohala

Substance Abuse

Panel Chair: Bruce Johson, National Development & Research Institutes

 "Updating Howard S. Becker’s Theories on Using Marijuana for Pleasure & Marijuana Careers" - Michael Hallstone, University of Hawaii at Manoa

 "Workplace Drug Testing & Organizational Context: The Implications of Industrial Sector, Organizational Size, & Workplace Social Control on Drug Testing at Work" - Hannah K. Knudsen, University of Georgia

"Diversity & Justice in Substance Abuse Policy: Experiences from a California Perinatal Substance Abuse Law" - Dorie Klein, Public Health Institute

"Public Policies Impact on Lives of Heroin Users in Sydney & New York" - Bruce Johnson, National Development & Research Institutes, & Lisa Maher, School of Medical Educatio

Session 6.3: Mauna Kea

Criminal Justice in Diverse Locations

Panel Chair: Michael Perez, Cypress College

"Women in the Commercial Sex Industry in Sri Lanka" - Dheeshana Jayasundera & Jody Miller, University of Missouri - St. Louis

"A Comparative Analysis of Economic Development & Drug Related Crimes in South & Central America" - Armando Espinosa, Drury College

"A Community Under Seige: A Profile of a Laotion Gang Banger" - Ron Cowart, Dallas Baptist University

"Substance Use, Delinquency, & Violence in the Pacific" - Michael P. Perez, Cypress College, Thomas K. Pinhey, California State University Bakersfield, & Randall L. Workman, University of Guam

"Gangs & Drug Related Gang Violence in Laredo, Texas: Some Observations and Preliminary Findings" - Alberto G. Mata

Session 6.4: Mauna Loa

Domestic Violence: Assessment & Intervention Issues

Panel Chair: Janet Johnston, San Jose State University

 "Current Status of Spouse Assault Risk Assessment" - Marvin W. Acklin, Lisa Kaneshiro, & Amanda Powers, University of Hawaii

"Aid or Band-Aid? Perspectives on From the Front-Lines on Community Treatment Programs for Abusive Men" - Sue Bartuk, Simon Fraser University

"The Santa Clara County Juvenile & Domestic Family Violence Court: A Report on a New Court for Young Family Violence Offenders" - Inger Sagatun-Edwards, San Jose State University, Hon. Eugene Hyman, Santa Clara County Superior Court, Sue Penighetti, Santa Clara County Probation Department, Ray Ortiz, Santa Clara County Probation Department, & Karen Berlin, Santa Clara County Probation Department

"Educational & Therapeutic Interventions for Children of Family Violence: An Overview" - Janet Johnston, San Jose State University 

12:30 p.m. - 2:00 p.m.
Nalo Terrace

Keynote Luncheon

Delbert Elliott

University of Colorado


 3:00 pm. - 5:00 p.m.

WSC Board Meeting Mauna Kea

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